Apr. 26, 2021
What Is The Difference Between Lithium Battery And Lithium Ion Battery?
Batteries are an incredible resource in modern society. They power everything from mobile phones to wireless automatic vacuum cleaners to various types of cameras. There are many different types of batteries, and they have many different uses, but the ones we hear most are lithium batteries and lithium ion batteries. In the past, you might have to make a decision about these two different battery types, but do you really know what they are?
What is a lithium battery?
Lithium batteries are primary cell batteries, which means they cannot be recharged once they are exhausted. They use metallic lithium as the anode. Lithium batteries have a higher charge density, which means they last longer than other batteries and can store more energy. According to their design, lithium batteries can generate electricity with a voltage of 1.5 to 3.7 volts. The metal used in lithium batteries is very reactive, and pure lithium will immediately react with water and even moisture in the air.
Lithium batteries are used in many electronic devices, from electric toy cars to large cars. Although their high capacity makes them very useful, the fact that they cannot be easily or even safely charged means that many companies are starting to look for other alternatives. The disposable batteries in many of our homes are not very good for the environment, which is why many people and companies decide to use lithium-ion batteries.
What is a lithium ion battery?
Li-ion batteries are secondary batteries, which means they can be charged and reused. These batteries are very popular now. Without them, our daily lives would be very different. Your laptop, cell phone, tablet, and camera all rely on lithium-ion batteries to keep working, because these rechargeable batteries are very effective. The electrodes of lithium-ion batteries are made of lithium and carbon, which makes them much lighter than other rechargeable batteries.
Lithium-ion batteries also have a strong charging capacity, and only about 5% of their power will be lost every month when they are not in use. Another advantage of lithium-ion batteries is that they have no memory effect. Remember someone told you to fully discharge the battery before charging it? But this does not apply to lithium-ion batteries. These excellent rechargeable batteries can handle charging and emptying hundreds of times until they deteriorate.
Lithium-ion batteries are quite complex in nature, not as simple as an ordinary old lithium battery. In lithium-ion batteries, you will find multiple lithium-ion batteries to store and provide energy. However, lithium-ion batteries also have other components. A small computer in the battery monitors and regulates temperature, voltage, and battery charging status, all of which come from the unit. This small system is necessary to maintain the functionality of your battery, and it is also responsible for 5% of the monthly power loss of these rechargeable batteries.
What is the difference between lithium battery and lithium ion battery?
The biggest difference between lithium batteries and lithium ion batteries is that lithium batteries are characterized by a single battery structure, which means that they are disposable and cannot be recharged once they are used up. On the other hand, lithium-ion batteries can be used again and again, they are rechargeable and can be charged and emptied hundreds of times.
If they are left unused on the shelf, lithium batteries will last longer. Lithium batteries can be used for 10 to 12 years while remaining charged, while lithium ion batteries can only be used for 2 to 3 years.
Although lithium-ion batteries look better, especially from a waste point of view, there are still some characteristics that make lithium batteries very useful. Their energy density is much higher than that of lithium-ion batteries, which means they can hold more charge relative to their size. Lithium batteries can provide energy through a single charge, even if this is their only charge. Unfortunately, there is no safe and effective way to charge lithium batteries, which is why lithium ion batteries were invented in the first place. In addition, lithium batteries are cheaper and easier to manufacture, which means lower purchase costs.
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